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ND Precision Rifle Rules

...Rule Book

ND Precision Rifle Rules and Regulations.

The goal of this document is to provide maximum safety to all participants, while providing standard rules to follow without limiting the creativity of the individual Match and it’s Match Director. This document and rules closely follows the rules and regulations set by the NRL, National Rifle League. similarities will be seen as best and most successful practice in the sport of Precision Rifle.

General Rifle Safety

  1. Always point your rifle in a safe direction. Never point a rifle at anything you don’t intend to kill or destroy.
  2. Always keep your rifle unloaded until ready to use. Treat all rifles as though they are loaded even if you believe otherwise.
  3. Keep your finger out of the trigger guard until you are ready to fire.
  4. Know your target and what is beyond.
  5. Always wear proper eye and ear protection and ensure others have the same before firing.
  6. Never use alcohol or drugs while shooting.
  7. Individual Range safety rules always supersede ND Precision Rifle rules.

Rifle Safety While at a Match

  1. Competitions are always cold ranges. All rifles are to be unloaded, with magazines out and bolts to the rearward position. Chamber flags are to be utilized at all times if possible so that anyone can identify an unloaded rifle. If chamber flags are not available, bots must be to the rear and magazine removed from the weapon.
  2. Ground rifles in a proper rifle rack, or where ever the Range Officer designates as a safe location and direction.
  3. When moving to another shooting location, always ensure the rifle is pointed in a safe direction. Do not carry your rifle like a suitcase. Muzzle up, or Muzzle down ONLY!

Rifle Safety During Your Stage

  1. Always wait for the Range Officer’s command of “load and make ready” until you remove your chamber flag and insert magazine.
  2. Stages always begin with magazine in and bolt to the rear unless specifically directed by the match booklet and the Range Officer.
  3. Any movement or barricade transition must be done with the bolt to the rear and an empty chamber. The only exception to this rule will be with the use of semi automatic rifles but only at the approval of the Match Director. If the MD allows this, the shooter must engage the safety, and yell “safe” loud enough for the RO to hear with ear protection.
  4. During movement, the 180 rule must always be adhered to. The 180 rule refers to only pointing the rifle with in 90 degrees of straight forward. There may be stages when a Range Officer reduces the 180 rule even more. Always follow directions and be aware of where you are pointing your rifle.

Safety Violations and Penalties

  1. Violation of the cold range rule: Any shooter who has violated the cold range rule shall be issued a warning. A second violation will result in a stage zero. Next violation will result in a match DQ and removal from competition. This includes a live round in the chamber, magazine inserted, a closed bolt, or chamber flag not being used.
  2. Muzzling and/or violating the 180 rule: Muzzling is pointing or sweeping another persons body with the muzzle of a rifle. There will be no warnings of this unsafe act. If any shooter muzzles any other attendee, that action shall result in match DQ and removal from competition. It will be the duty of the RO to inform the MD of the infraction, and the MD’s call to issue the match DQ.
  3. Unsafe transitioning: Transitioning on a barricade, or movement with out having the bolt to the rear will result in the Range Officer having the shooter correct the situation, then move back to the previous position firing position before resuming the course of fire. A second violation will result in a zero for the stage. A third will result in the shooter getting a match DQ and removal from competition. If the match allows for Semi Automatic rifles to move with a closed bolt with the safety engaged, the same rule applies if the shooter does not either engage the safety and/or yell “safe”.
  4. Negligent Discharge (ND). A Negligent Discharge is defined as any round unintentionally discharged from a firearm during a transition, movement, and/or weapons manipulation; or a round intentionally discharged during a cease fire period. The competitor shall receive a match DQ and removal from competition. This is to be immediately reported to the MD and the finale decision would be made.
  5. Accidental Discharge/Mechanical Failure (AD). An Accidental Discharge is defined as any round unintentionally discharged from a firearm due to a mechanical failure. The participant will be removed from the event until he or she can repair the rifle to safe working order. The shooter will receive a zero for that stage, and all follow up stages will be forfeited during this down time if the shooter is unable to complete the stages during the pre-determined match times.
  6. False Starts: Firing before the start signal will result in a zero for the stage.
  7. If a Match Director judges a shooter to be under the influence of drugs or alcohol during competition, the shooter will receive a match DQ and be removed from competition. The shooter will not be allowed to drive from the competition while still intoxicated.

Match Format

Shooters Responsibilities

  1. Shooters should always treat Match Directors and Range Officers with respect. From time to time, disagreements arise between shooters and match officials. This is fine, so long as mutual respect and calm communication occurs. The Match Directors ruling is always final.
  2. Shooters in the Precision Rifle discipline are regarded as the most professional and highly educated in any discipline. All participants in matches are looked upon as Safety Officers. Any participant that witnesses an unsafe act is to call for a cease fire and stop the unsafe act. The participant should then inform the closest Range Officer of the act.
  3. It is the shooters responsibility to know the Rules and Regulations prior to a competition.
  4. Shooters should actively participate in any stage briefing to move the shoot along smoothly.
  5. Shooters shall understand that at the beginning of the stage, when asked by the Range Officer “Shooter do you understand the course of fire?” If they give an affirmative answer, that will be their last opportunity to get clarification. Because of this, arguments that they did not understand anything about the stage or its targets are invalid.
  6. Shooters should be good squad mates by helping police brass, helping Range Officers when directed, and providing coaching to other shooters after their stage is complete.
  7. Sponsors are very important to ND Precision Rifle, NRL, and Border Wars. It is encouraged that the shooter writes emails thanking the sponsors that supported the competition.

Match Directors Responsibilities

  1. Match Directors are responsible for the overall direction of a match. He or she is the person in charge at that event.
  2. Match Directors shall provide a Match Booklet to all shooters. This may be a Digital PDF, Website describing the stages, or a physical booklet.
  3. Match Directors shall provide enough Range Officers to ensure administration of the match is top quality. It is encouraged that at least 2 Range Officers be provided per stage, and at least 3 in stages that are further distances. Match Directors are responsible for utilizing enough spotters, reactive targets and/or electronic flashers when putting targets at longer ranges.
  4. Match Directors must have a scoring system that allows for quick tabulation of points, and must allow shooters to see their scores after the stage. Using a system that makes the shooter sign or acknowledge their score is encouraged. If utilizing paper scoring, rain should be accounted for. If using electronic scoring, failure of equipment and battery life should be accounted for and paper backup should be available. The match booklet will describe the style of scoring. Scoring can change from local, regional and national matches. ND Precision Rifle utilizes a basic points style scoring. NRL and Borderwars style of scoring is a slightly different.
  5. Match Directors must utilize targets that ensure a quality, challenging course of fire. It is the goal to ensure that Match Directors maintain the ability to be creative in their design. However, the guidelines for target size shall be 2 MOA maximum for prone supported shots, and 3 MOA maximum for all other shots. This measurement is in reference to the smallest diameter of the particular target.
  6. Match Directors shall provide a 20-minute arbitration period for shooters to review scores and issue grievances if necessary. Once the arbitration period is complete, scores are then final. At no time and for no reason will scores or results be altered after this period. If individuals come forward any time after the arbitration period has ended, the reasons will be noted and followed up with the Match Director, but scores, placements, prizes and checks will not be recalled.
  7. Match Directors must provide match scores within 3 days of the completion of their match to the NRL or Border Wars. ND Precision Rifle scores will be posted the following day, or night of the current match. Included in the scores will be one shooter who stood out to the Match Director as a good sportsman, names of any poor sportsmen, and any individual found to have cheated.
  8. Sponsors are very important to ND Precision Rifle, NRL and Border Wars. Match Directors are encouraged to pass along an email to all shooters after the competition with the email address for every sponsor.

Range Officers Responsibilities

  1. Range Officers are any person assisting in running a competition, not including the Match Director. They can be the person running a stage, a spotter, the sign in person, or anyone that the Match Director acknowledged, as working the match.
  2. Range Officers should understand all Rules and Regulations prior to the start of the competition to ensure the safety off all participants. Any Range Officer witnessing unsafe acts shall call cease fire and correct the unsafe act as soon as possible.
  3. Range Officers that are running a stage shall have complete knowledge of the stage that they are responsible for. They should conduct a stage briefing for all shooters prior to each stage and assist in target location on stages that allow for prior target knowledge. After stage briefing, the squad will have 5 minutes to prep before the first shooter is called. Once the stage begins, the Range Officer shall run every shooter though that stage as close to the same as humanly possible. Match Directors shall ensure that Range Officers utilize standard commands at their competition. (Encouraged standard commands are as follows. “Shooter do you understand the course of fire?” If no questions are asked, then “Shooter clear to load and make ready”. Once the shooter makes his or her rifle ready, “Shooter Ready?” Once an affirmative is obtained, the start tone should follow.
  4. Range Officers that are serving as spotters are responsible for calling hits or misses. Utilization of standard calls is encouraged. Standard calls are “impact” or “impact left target” or “reengage”. Spotters should use loud clear voices when calling stages. Calling corrections during the stage is not allowed but encouraged AFTER the stage is complete.
  5. Anytime a Range Officer is not able to settle a grievance presented by a shooter, he or she shall request the Match Director to make the final judgment.
  6. The role of Range Officer is essential to the competition and the Precision Rifle community. The use of participating shooters in these roles should be encouraged when available. If a participating shooter chooses to take up the responsibilities of a Range Officer they will receive 5 “extra” points for that match.

Specific Competition Rules

  1. A competition shall consist of at least 80 rounds fired, and at least 5 individual stages. Due to time constraint, Having a sight in period is will be the day prior, and possibly the day of the match but not guaranteed
  2. In a timed stage, shots taken up to .25 seconds after the clock are still eligible for points.
  3. It is understood that many ranges operate for profit and shutting a range down is not possible. Also that train ups assist in profits for the range. Therefore shooting at the range prior to a competition is allowed. Shooting on the ranges props is also allowed. However, shooting specific stages before the competition must not be allowed for any reason. For these reasons, it is important that the Match Director be involved or at least has knowledge of events taking place at the range prior to his or her competition so having common stages and /or course of fire does not occur.
  4. No shooter may be allowed to assist in forming the stages course of fire. But are allowed to help build props, barricades etc.
  5. From time to time, reshoots of stages will occur for reasons such as a cease fire being called, prop malfunction or target breakage. The Range Officer may offer a reshoot anytime he or she thinks it is warranted. A shooter may also request a reshoot to the Range Officer. If the Range Officer denies the request, the shooter may request to bring the issue to the Match Director. The Match Director’s ruling is final. The Match Director shall also inform the shooter if they are able to request another reshoot in the remainder of the competition. Reshoots may be complete stage reshoots, or starting in the middle of the stage with points and time consistent with the stoppage. The score on the reshoot will be the only score used.
  6. There will be a tiebreaker stage at every event. The tiebreaker stage will be designated as such in the shooter booklet. The tiebreaker will go off of the shooters score on that stage first, and time to the hundredths of a second if the stage score is the same. In the rare event that both score and time are the same, the Match Director shall have the shooters repeat the tie breaker until the tie is broken.

Scoring, Classes and Championship Qualification


Competition is everyone versus everyone. We do have two extra classes. The classes will compete and finish with every other shooter, but will have an additional ranking for Championship qualification.

  1. Women’s class: Shooters in this class must be female.
  2. Young Guns. Young Guns will be any shooter between ages 12-18 at the time of the first match of the year. Note that a parent or guardian must be present with the shooter. The shooter may utilize their parent or guardian or any designated shooter in the squad to assist with their rifle and call corrections during the course of fire.


  1. Rifles shall be any caliber between 223 Remington (short action) and not exceed 300 Winchester Magnum (long action) and not to exceed 3200 FPS. Shooters should understand that environmental conditions and chronographs vary. They should take these factors into account when settling on their ammunition. A Match Director can choose to chronograph at any time throughout his or her match with any shooter him or her chooses. If a shooter is violating the speed limit, he or she shall get a match DQ and be removed from competition for cheating. If the Match Director chooses to alter this rule for a particular match format (extreme long range for example) they may do so at the official announcement of the match.
  2. Rifles can be Bolt action or Semi Automatic.
  3. The shooter should only use one rifle for the competition. If the competitor’s rifle has a malfunction, the shooter shall be able to use a backup or loaner rifle so long as the replacement is of similar caliber. The Match Director must be notified when an equipment malfunction occurs. The shooter shall demonstrate the failure to the match director and obtain permission to utilize the backup rifle.


  1. Match points may only be obtained by ND Precision, NRL, or Border Wars members. If a shooter is not a member, they have 7 days after the shooting event to obtain membership and the points be counted. Non-Member’s points will be noted, but will not be accepted for a championship points run, or grand finale.
  2. Match points will be acquired by shooting competitions.
  3. ND Precision Rifle Points will be awarded for each shot counted as “Impact”.
    NRL/Border Wars Scores shall be awarded by a combination of percentage and placement for a total possible score of 100.
  • Percentage is described as follows: The match’s winner will be awarded 100 points. Other match points will be based off of the percentage of the winning shooter. (For example, if the winning shooter scores 175 points, and the second place shooter scores 163 you would divide 163 by 175 to end up with 93.14 points
  • Placement is described as follows: The match winner will be awarded 100 points. All others will be awarded points in relation to the amount of shooters at the match and the placement of the shooter. (For example, if the shoot has 100 attendees and the shooter finishes in 4th place, the shooter would earn 96 points)
  • In the above examples if that shooter obtained 93.14% of the winner’s score at a 100 person shoot in which he or she finished 4th, the score would be 189.14. This score will then to divided by 2 for the final score of 94.57.

Championship Qualification

  1. Shooters may shoot as many competitions as they like. However, only the shooters who are a member of the ND Precision Rifle will be allowed into the Grand Finale. The Championship will be scored the following ways:
    1. Most points over all season.
    2. Top shooter during the Finale. Points will be reset during the finale.
    3. Top shooter of above mentioned classes.
    4. Most Points of above mentioned classes.
  2. Season points will be tallied by the ND Precision Rifle and displayed on the ND Precision Rifle web site. Rankings will be determined by the best score.

Championship Match and Scoring

  1. ND Precision Rifle will be responsible for conducting a Championship match at the end of the season.
  2. All season points will reset during the Championship. Championship match points will be calculated as previously defined. Championship match points will be worth double than normal match points.
  3. The Season Champion and the rest of the rankings will be determined by adding the three best scores with the Championship matches points.
  4. Shooters will be recognized and walk the prize table according to that combined score.


Good Sportsmanship.

  1. Good Sportsmanship is one of the founding principles of the Precision Rifle sport and is highly regarded by the community as a whole. Good sportsmanship helps grow the sport, creates positive role models, and is impressive to the sponsors. It is not something that can be quantified, but is easy to recognize by all participants.

Unsportsmanlike Conduct.

  1. Unsportsmanlike conduct is taken very seriously by the community (ND Precision Rifle, NRL and Border Wars).
  2. Examples of bad sportsmanship include treating participants or range staff with disrespect, unwarranted complaining, throwing tantrums, or being unpleasant.


  1. The community defines cheating as: acting dishonestly or unfairly in order to gain an advantage in competition. Examples of cheating are:
    1. Sabotaging another shooters equipment.
    2. Assisting in writing any course of fire or obtaining the course of fire prior to the match.
    3. Exceeding the velocity of 3200 FPS or using a cartridge above 300 Winchester Magnum.
    4. Altering or destruction of score sheets.
    5. Any other act as deemed unfair/cheating by a Range Officer or Match Director.

Penalties for Unsportsmanlike Conduct and Cheating

  1. Any shooter whom is deemed as acting in an unsportsmanlike fashion will be subject to any penalty that the Match Director deems appropriate including warnings; stage zero’s and/or matches DQ and being removed from competition.
  2. The only penalty appropriate for cheating shall be the Match Director issuing a match DQ and being removed from competition.

Reports to the Members.

  1. Upon completion of a competition, the Match Director shall issue a report to his or her fellow members or attending shooters which will include scores, who was the standout sportsman, and who if any shooters showed unsportsmanlike conduct or cheated along with any other pertinent information.
  2. If any shooter was deemed as displaying unsportsmanlike conduct, the fellow members will be informed and can choose if they will allow that shooter into their shoots. The Director of Match Operations will inform these shooters of the report by a phone call.
  3. If any shooter was deemed as cheating, the members will conduct a vote in which it will be determined the discipline of the shooter. Regardless of the decision, the Director of Match Operations will inform that shooter of the Board’s decision by phone call.

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